CAM Resources for Criminal Justice Professionals:
Continuous Transdermal Alcohol Monitoring - A Primer for Criminal Justice Professionals: Published in 2006 by the Traffic Injury Research Foundation, this paper discusses the science behind the SCRAM device as it relates to applications for criminal justice professionals. Other topics discussed include sentencing recommendations, a thorough technical background on the equipment and legal challenges to CAM technology. Download Continuous Transdermal Alcohol Monitoring: A Primer for Criminal Justice Professionals
Prosecutorial Guide for Hardcore Drunk Driving: Published by the Century Council in partnership with the National District Attorney’s Association in 2009, this document provides an overview for prosecutors on how to more effectively identify hardcore drunk drivers, as well as providing strategies to more aggressively prosecute hardcore drunk driving in state and local courts. Key statistics include: “Compared with drivers who have not consumed alcohol, drivers with BACs of .15 or above are 380 times as likely to be involved in a single-vehicle fatal crash.” Download Hardcore Drunk Driving Prosecutorial Guide
Pacific Research Institute Research Paper: Compiled by Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, this paper presents a wealth of statistics on alcohol-related driving crimes and alcohol-related behavior. This paper also analyzes national programs to reduce drunk driving and discusses trends related to the deployment of ignition interlock technologies. Download Controlling the DUI Offender: Interlocks and Other Methods
National Partnership on Alcohol Misuse and Crime Study: Published in 2009 by NPAMC, this study explores the prevalence of drug and alcohol dependence amongst individuals who enter the criminal justice system. This study examines social and physiological effects of drug and alcohol dependence and abuse on individuals and how these factor into crime. NPAMC provides suggestions for effective interventions that criminal justice professionals can use in order to reduce recidivism and enhance recovery, which include drug and alcohol monitoring, therapeutic drugs and expanding the use of treatment services. Significant findings of this study included that “The criminal justice system should strive to increase rates of screening for alcohol and drugs given the high probability of drug and alcohol problems...The longer an individual is abstinent from alcohol, the greater the opportunity for cognitive recovery.” Download Improving Criminal Justice Interventions for People with Drug and Alcohol Problems
Marion County, Indiana Case Study: Compiled by Alcohol Monitoring Systems, this case study reviews measures taken by Marion County criminal justice professionals in the face of a growing DWI threat. Studies undergone between 2002-2003 found that there were over 14,000 DWIs and 71 alcohol-related traffic fatalities within the County. The aggressive deployment of over 300 SCRAM units is one component of a wide-scale campaign the county has undergone to reduce DWIs. Download SCRAM Diverts Alcohol Offenders from Jail by Increasing Accountability.
Lackawanna County Case Study: Compiled by Alcohol Monitoring Systems, this case study documents the comprehensive use of SCRAM in the Lackawanna DUI Court. SCRAM is used primarily in cases where individual’s BAC levels are over twice the legal limit or where there are other aggravating factors such as prior DWIs. Download DUI Court Progressive in Early Adoption of SCRAM Technology.
University of Northern Colorado, Greeley Case Study: This article published by the U.S. Department of Education’s Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention explores The University of Northern Colorado’s (UNC) use of SCRAM technology in an effort to curb alcohol abuse amongst at risk university students. Download University of Northern Colorado, Greeley Case Study:
Court Case Studies/Client Case Studies and Perspectives:
CAM Program Case Studies:
National Center For State Courts: Published in 2009 by National Center for State Court researchers Victor Flango and Fred Cheesman Ph.D., this study focused on CAM-related data generated by 114 Rehab Support clients. The findings of this study included that “1) The SCRAM ankle bracelet is most effective when used with hard-core offenders who had at least two prior DWI convictions; 2) SCRAM is effective when worn; 3) SCRAM sentences are not to be recommended for periods of less than 90 days; indeed, the ankle bracelet may need to be worn for six months or a year to be most effective.” Download When Should Judges Use Alcohol Monitoring as a Sentencing Option in DWI Cases?
24/7 Sobriety: Published in 2011 by Routledge, an academic publishing company focused on social sciences, this study focuses on three innovative care management programs which aim to enhance long-term abstinence from drugs and alcohol amongst specific at-risk populations. One of these programs, South Dakota’s ‘24/7 Sobriety’ program, demonstrated dramatically positive abstinence results amongst its subjects. CAM technology is a significant component of this program. 24/7 Sobriety is a paradigm that other states are replicating. States piloting 24/7 sobriety include Montana, Missouri and Alaska. Download A New Paradigm for Long Term Recovery
CAM Technical Evaluations:
University of Colorado Study: Conducted at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in 2006, this study discusses the physiology behind transdermal alcohol detection and then evaluates SCRAM’s ability to accurately capture scientifically-valid data. Significant findings included “Criminal justice programs may use the device as a method to quantitatively identify drinking episodes, to monitor drinking among alcohol dependent offenders to reduce recidivism, and to identify individuals in need of treatment..” Download Validity of Transdermal Alcohol Monitoring: Fixed and Self-Regulated Dosing
Louisiana Study: A 2006 study conducted by the Louisiana Association of Forensic Scientists. DownloadTransdermal Alcohol at the Acadiana Crime Lab April 21, 2006